Debt Written off in an IVA

Debt Written off in an IVA

The amount of debt written off in an IVA is not fixed. It depends on how much you can afford to pay into the Arrangement.

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How much Debt is Writen Off in an IVA?

There is no fixed amount of debt that can be written off if in an IVA. You may have read or heard that the solution will mean you write off 75% or more. However this is not always the case.

Once the Arrangement starts you usually make monthly payments towards your debts based on your disposable income. The payments will normally last for 5-6 years. At the end of this time any debt that remains unpaid is written off.

As such the amount written off depends entirely on how much you were able to pay during the IVA. If you could only afford to pay a small percentage of your debt back a larger percentage will be written off. If you were able to pay more a smaller amount is written off.

The debt written off in an IVA is not fixed. It depends on how much you pay into the Arrangement. Two people with the same amount of debt may write off different amounts.

Calculate the Amount of Debt you could Write Off

To get an idea of how much debt you will write off in your IVA you first need to estimate how much you will pay into it. To do this you need to multiply your monthly payment with the expected length of the Arrangement.

Most monthly payment IVAs last for 5-6 years. If you believe you will be paying for 5 years then you have to multiply your mothly payment by 60 months. If it is 6 years then multiply the amount by 72 months.

Then you need to take away the total amount you will pay from the total debt included in the agreement. The amount left is what you can expect will be written off. You can then calculate this as a percentage of the total debt owed.

As an example. If your monthly payments are £200 and your IVA lasts 5 years you will pay £12,000. If your total debt is £22,000 you will pay back 55% and write off 45%

Can the Percentage of Debt Written Off in an IVA ever Change?

Once it has started the amount of debt written off by an IVA is not fixed. This is because it is possible for the amount you pay into the Arrangement to change.

If your income improves during your IVA the result may be that your disposable income will go up. As a result you might have to start paying more into the agreement. If this happens then the amount of debt you write off will reduce.

In the same way if your circumstances become worse you may be able to reduce your payments. In this situation the number of payments you make may be extended but you could end up paying less into the IVA overall. As a result the percentage of debt written off will increase.

If your income increases or you get a windfall during your IVA the amount you pay into it will increase. As a result the amount of debt written off will fall.

Will you ever have to pay all of your debt in an IVA?

It is possible that your fortunes could improve to such an extent that you are able to repay all of the original debt you owed during your IVA. This might happen if you receive a large windfall such as an inheritance or lottery win.

If this were to happen the terms of your agreement will state that the money received has to be paid to your IVA company. They will then use the funds to repay 100% of your original debt (less any payments you have already made). They can also pay their fees and interest on the debt at 8% pa from the start date.

After this the Arrangement will come to an end. However because all of your original debt has been paid in full you will have written off nothing.

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8 thoughts on “Debt Written off in an IVA

    Claire says:

    I’m looking for advice on taking out an iva, I have debts of around £20k. Some of which are hmrc and council tax which I’ve had conflicting advice from other companies as to whether or not they can be added. Many thanks

      Hi Claire

      I am surprised that you have been given conflicting views on this. I can confirm that both HMRC debt and Council Tax arrears are included in an IVA. More information about the debts that can be included in an IVA is available here: Debts Included in an IVA

    Julie says:

    Hi. I’m coming to the end of my Iva. I got one month left. I have paid a quarter of what I owed.. they took my ppi too. I’m just looking through other people’s debt experiences and they haven’t paid half what I have paid. Have I been ripped off?

      Hi Julie

      I can confirm that you have not been ripped off.

      The amount of debt written off when you use an IVA is not fixed. It is dependent on the amount you can afford to pay back during the course of the arrangement. The creditors look at each case individually and agree the repayment plan based on the individual circumstances.

      Therefore (as highlighted in the above article) it is entirely possible that two people with the same amount of debt could end up paying different amounts back to their creditors. If one person has a larger disposable income than the other or one person has PPI claims and the other does not it is perfectly possible for one person to end up paying back 10% of their debt and another 80%.

    Brendan T says:

    Hi – if i receive a lump sum from the sale of my ex-wives property, do I have to pay off the IVA balance amount or the original debts before the IVA was agreed??

      Hi Brendan

      If you receive a cash lump sum from the sale of a property during your IVA, this is classed as a windfall. The IVA company is allowed to claim an amount up to 100% of the debt you originally owed (less payments you have already made) plus their fees and costs.

      If the windfall received is sufficient to pay this amount, the IVA will be completed and you will be able to keep any remaining sum. If not, you will have to hand over 100% of the sum received and continue to make your monthly payments.

      You can read more about what happens when you get a windfall in an IVA here: Windfall during an IVA

    Brendan T says:

    Hi James,

    Thanks for your reply.

    To be clear, I am not actually selling a property that I own, my ex-wife is selling her house which means that she has to give me the amount stipulated in the court order from when we got divorced. Does this make any difference?


      I am afraid not Brendan

      Any money you receive from your ex as part of this court order is still a windfall.

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